Swamp tupelo information tells us that it is a tree that can soar to over 100 feet (30 m.) in height and swell out to 4 feet (1.2 m.) in diameter. The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. However, it should be sited in a permanent location because its long taproot makes it difficult to transplant later. The natural hollows that form in the tree are a refuge for reptiles, tree frogs, bats and other wildlife. It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. It is found growing in swamps, lowlands, and open sandy woodlands. However, the shape of the crown may vary from tree to tree, some displaying a flat-topped crown. Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft. The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) falls into the following type(s): Shade Trees Mature Height: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) grows to be 30' - 50' feet in height. It is found in dry upland forests (occasionally bottomlands), savannas, swamp margins, and upland depressions that are occasionally flooded. It is tolerant of drought, heat, dry and wet soils, and moderately salt tolerant. Min. The Black Tupelo is botanically called Nyssa sylvatica. Black-gum, also named black tupelo is a medium to large sized tree growing upwards to 100 feet in height. It is one of the most important food sources for fall song bird migration. Full sun (6+ hours direct sun) Moisture Requirements. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). Black-gum can be found growing in swamps, lowlands, and open sandy woodlands. The fruit are eaten by squirrels and several species of birds. Why Fast-Growing-Trees.com is Better. The fruit is bluish black drupe. Sun: This Black Tupelo (Black Gum) does best in full sun, partial shade. Individual flowers are about an 1/8 of an inch. The twigs of this tree are reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin. The Blackgum has moderate water requirements, and displays a moderate tolerance to salt and alkali soils. Female trees only. Maine south to Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, and Missouri northeast through Illinoise and Michigan and Ontario. The fruits are also often used to flavor pies, preserves, and drinks. You'll enjoy the Green Gable, no matter where you live. biflora is the Swamp Tupelo. When the black gum is young, it is usually formed into a pyramidal shape. Typically, many slender, horizontally spreading branches grow from a straight trunk and provide this elegant, broadly conical habit. However, most black gum trees settle in at around 30 feet with a span of 20 feet of leafy branches. Leaves:Glossy green leaves turn brilliant shades of red in fall. Cultivars and their differences. The leaves are lustrous green above and paler but pubescent below. Collections: Collection - Native, New Blooms Local Stock. Product type: Ornamental Trees. It is often used for crates, cross ties, rough floors, and pulpwood. AWARD + HARDY + LOW MAINTENANCE + DAMP SITE **FREE UK MAINLAND DELIVERY + FREE 100% TREE WARRANTY** Fruit can be eaten raw or cooked. The fruits (berries) are enjoyed by thrushes and other songbirds, wild turkeys, black bear, foxes, raccoons and opossums from August through October. You can find some good ones there on the ground or pick them off the tree if you can reach the branches. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. "Tupelo" is a Native American Indian name. The smooth, gray bark of younger trees darkens with age, breaking into rectangular blocks that are separated by deep crevices. https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeGuide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=793 It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can … It can also be found in the hills and mountains on dry slopes with oaks and hickories. The honey bees produce from the flowers of this tree is highly prized. You can also view a clickable map. Black-gum, also named black tupelo is a medium to large sized tree growing upwards to 100 feet in height. All these trees can grow to … Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Slender limbs grow at right angles to the trunk. biflora (Walt.) NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to The brilliant scarlet colors of autumn leaves are among the first to develop as the seasons change. It withstands wind and ice and salt spray in coastal locations. A stately tree with a straight trunk and rounded crown (more pyramidal when young) that typically grows 30-50' tall, but occasionally to 90'. It needs full sun to grow to its fullest height, although it can flourish in part shade as well. Height (Feet) 45. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. This typically medium-sized tree sometimes grows to 90 or 100 feet in height. Black gum, or black tupelo ( Nyssa sylvatica ), with autumn foliage. Soil: Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet,  but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. The fruit has a solitary light brown seed. This would account for some plants being loaded with egg-shaped blue-black berries, while others may only have a few berries.The tree does well in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. : 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. Afterburner® Black Tupelo is a medium-sized shade tree which can be used anywhere in the landscape. It has some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, and rust. Wildfire Black Gum (Tupelo) Status: Out of Stock. Produces a thin sharply acid pulp that is pleasant to roll in the mouth as a masticatory, it is also used in preserves. Delivering reddish-pink growth in spring in rich green in summer, the Wildfire Black Gum is known for its show of color. The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. The simple leaves are alternate, deciduous and oval to ovate in shape. Its simple leaves turn flaming red in the fall and the bold crooked twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against the sky in winter. It can grow up to a height of 35 meters but tends to stay between 20 and 25 when it is fully grown. Nyssa sylvatica grows to 20–25 metres (66–82 ft) tall, rarely to 35 metres (115 ft), with a trunk diameter of 50–100 centimetres (20–39 in), rarely up to 170 centimetres (67 in). N.C. Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. Fruits are available August-October. Black Tupelo, Nyssa, is a deciduous tree that grows to 50 feet tall or more. Maryland Distribution: A canopy tree commonly found in forests of wet to average moisture. form a strategic partnership called N.C. The shape of the tree is unusual. Black gum features a straight trunk with unique bark that forms deep fissures with age. Very symmetrical shape (upright pyramidal to oval); excellent red fall color. The bark is light grey and deeply furrowed to create rectangular or square ridges (cobbled). Small, 1/2 inch, dark purple oval fruits (drupes) appears on female trees only.They are quite sour, hence the name. Thin, bitter smelling flesh surrounds the small, ribbed seeds. The Black Tupelo or Black Gum is a beautiful, high quality tree that grows in the wild in wet bottomlands to upland forest edges from southern Maine down to central Florida into east Texas to southern Missouri & Illinois, in all Indiana up into southern Michigan into the tip of very south Ontario. The Green Gable Black Gum is … Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Plant at least 15ft away from buildings in any location where its fall beauty can be admired. Web Site Maintenance: Megan.Clayton@ag.tamu.edu, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. It has a flowering habit that is polygamodioecious, meaning that some plants have mostly male flowers while others have mostly female flowers, with most plants having a few perfect flowers. var. Tree Shape: Upright oval. Tupelo Tower Black Gum will grow to be about 40 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 15 feet. Is known as one of the most attractive trees; Provides stunning fall color in many shades of yellow, orange, red, and purple; Develops bark that furrows with age, resembling alligator hide; Serve as an important food source for bees, birds, and other wildlife; Will be delivered at a height of 2'–3' The Blackgum is grown as an ornamental for its beautiful, scarlet red, fall color and the shiny, dark green leaves in the summer. Bark on younger trees is furrowed between flat ridges and matures into quadrangular blocks that are dense, hard, and nearly black. Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Jan 14, 2018 2:18 PM. Small greenish-white flowers are followed by purple or blue fruits. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. The flowers bloom in the spring from April-June are not showy. Mature Height: 35-45 feet. Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. Proper Name: Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire'. And many Green Gable Black Gums live up to 250 years - imagine the centuries of memories your family can make playing under the shade of this remarkable tree. Sarg. Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. Nyssa sylvatica Marsh. These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. On sprouts or young trees, the leaves may have a few coarse teeth. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Leaf Shape DELIVERED AUGUST 2020 Black Tupelo Tree (Nyssa sylvatica) Supplied height 90cm - 200 cm, 2-3 years old. The dioecious flowers are greenish and occur in axillary clusters. Mature Spread: 20 feet. Further, it is also known to prefer wetlands. In the late summer to mid-fall the tree produces a bluish black egg-shaped 1/2 inch wide fruit clustered on stalks up to 1 1/2 inches long. Wood is touch, cross-grained, hard to work, and warps easily. Leaves are 3 to 6 inches long and 1/2 to 3 inches wide, alternate, roughly oval with sharp, blunt points. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The spring flowers are a nectar source for bees. This tree is an excellent choice to support wildlife in the landscape. Resistant to fire. Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. What it needs: Afterburner® Black Tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained soils and even occasional drought. On the other hand the tree is usually loaded with fruits, and it can grow to be 80’ tall, so as fall progresses the ground gets covered in these small fruits. The fruit of black gum are eaten by squirrels and several species of birds. The simple leaves are alternate, deciduous and oval to ovate in … This tree is somewhat resistant to deer damage. street tree planting width: 6 feet. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Mature Spread: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) has a spread of about 20' - 30' at full maturity. Fruit: 3/8" blue-black drupe. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Nyssa sylvatica Tree Dogwood Family. It prefers moist, acidic soils, but is adaptive and tolerates poorly-drained soils and standing water, some drought and some dry soils, at least in the wild. The bark is brown to black or gray and is deeply furrowed and broken into small irregular blocks. Width (Feet) 35. The mature height of the black gum can be 30 to 75 feet tall and 20 to 35 feet wide, depending on the growing location and climate. Leaves turn yellow, orange, red to purple in the fall. The Black tupelo tree makes an excellent specimen tree with its outstanding summer and fall foliage and habit> It is lovely in a naturalized area. It can live to be 650 years old, and during its lifetime will contribute to honey production for bees, an will supply berries that are an important source of … The … Growth Rate: This Black Gum tree grows at a slow to medium growth rate. 1 Feed the tree in the fall with a slow-release granular fertilizer. Fruit ripens ripens in late September as leaves are changing color. When properly cared for, black gum trees reach 30 to 50 feet tall with a 20- to 30-foot spread. The nectar from the flowers is sought after by bees and Tupelo honey is highly prized. The black gum tree can grow to a towering 75 feet in height with a canopy stretching out to 35 feet. Its young sprouts are eaten by white-tailed deer. Brilliant Red Leaves, Even in Spring Why Wildfire Black Gum Trees? It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and fertilizer schedule. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. Where to Plant: Great tree for a narrow space in your yard or in a planting strip with no overhead power lines. The leaves are 5 to 15 cm long and 3 to 8 cm wide. The bark is brown to black or gray and is deeply furrowed and broken into small irregular blocks. Leaf miner and scale are occasional insect pests. The bark is dark gray and flaky when young, but it becomes furrowed with age, resembling alligator hide on very old stems. When the plant is young, it has a pyramidal shape, and it becomes more oval as the tree grows. Afterburner ® tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica 'David Odum'): This cultivar grows 35 feet high and 20 feet wide. Light Requirements. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No known diseases or pests. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. black tupelo, sourgum, sour gum Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large forest tree reaching a height of over 100 feet and a trunk that exceeds 3 feet in diameter, with a straight trunk and many horizontal branches of a similar size that form a narrow, oval crown. Key Identifying Characteristics:  Leaf shape (broadest near the tip), irregular coarse teeth near the tips of some leaves, and branches held more or less 90 degrees to the main stem. INSIGHT: Nyssa also includes the East Texas Tupelo Tree. Its crown is a narrow oval and the tan colored bark has vertical furrows. 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