Moths are typically smaller sized with more plain or drab-colored wings. Most moths also occasionally fold their wings above their backs when they are in a certain spot (like when there is no room to fully spread their wings). Both belong to the order of the Lepidoptera, that is to say, those of “wings with scales”. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. Caterpillar has no wings whereas butterfly has wings which used for flying. 2. Where Can You Watch Big Bash League 2020-21 Season? Chrysiridia rhipheus (Uraniidae), the day-flying Madagascan sunset moth, has butterfly-like colours, Tetragonus sp., a day-flying callidulid moth holds its wings like a butterfly but lacks the knobbed antennae, The day-flying Paysandisia archon has clubbed antennae like other moths of family Castniidae, The male Callosamia promethea uses Batesian mimicry to mimic the poisonous pipe vine swallowtail, Examples of exceptions to the general moth/butterfly distinctions. (Everyday Mysteries: Fun Science Facts from the Library of Congress)", "Adaptations for Nocturnal Vision in Insect Apposition Eyes", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Comparison_of_butterflies_and_moths&oldid=994954284, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The body shape and appearance.This is where the difference between moths and butterflies become quite clear. I usually start by dispelling some of the common misconceptions. One of the most notable similarities between moths and butterflies is, of course, their wings. Moths, on the other hand, often have comb-like or feathery antennae, or filamentous and unclubbed. Kids love live animals and this unit includes photographs of real butterflies and moths. Unfortunately, there isn’t a straightforward answer – at least not one that most people find acceptable. 3. Moths usually rest with their wings spread out to their sides. Butterflies fly at daytime while moths fly during night time. There are, however, exceptions to this rule and a few moths (the families Castniidae, Uraniidae, Apoprogonidae, and Sematuridae[4]) have clubbed antennae. Other common observable features are obviously that they both can fly. Moths have larger scales on their wings which makes them look more dense and fluffy. But on this the similarities of the winged creatures do not end. by Halle Marchese • May 6, 2020. Butterflies and moths have a lot in common. Most moths are nocturnal or crepuscular while most butterflies are diurnal. Both are holometabolous (have larvae and pupae and adult stages), flying insects that often feed on plant nectar and are important plant pollinators, but they are very different otherwise. All Rights Reserved by WalkThroughIndia, 29 Absolutely Gorgeous & Incredibly Scenic Places of India, Top 20 Must See Places in India Once in Your Lifetime, Top 20 Must Visit Historical Monuments of India in 2020, Top 12 Most Popular Travel Destinations in Uttar Pradesh. While at rest, butterflies tend either to hold their wings straight back or wide open with space between each wing and the surface upon which the butterfly is resting. The similarities between an elephant and a butterfly is both are in the animal kingdom, and they may also share the same ecosystem. The plume winged moths of the family Pterophoridae also pupates without a cocoon and the pupa resembles the chrysalis of the pierid butterfly. This distinction is the basis for the earliest taxonomic divisions in the Lepidoptera: the Rhopalocera ("clubbed horn", the butterflies) and the Heterocera ("varied horn", the moths). Butterflies are Diurnal – active at day. In this taxonomic scheme, moths belong to the suborder Heterocera. Difference between moth and butterfly ? Most butterflies have thin slender filamentous antennae which are club shaped at the end. While the butterflies form a monophyletic group, the moths, which comprise the rest of the Lepidoptera, do not. One of the easiest ways to tell the difference between a butterfly and a moth is to look at the antennae. ... is central to determining the similarities and differences between moth and butterfly development, Sourakov said. Some moth species, like the luna and rosy maple moth, display strikingly vibrant color patterns. A butterfly’s antennae are club-shaped with a long shaft and a bulb at the end. Butterfly: Moth: Antennae: rounded clubs on the ends: thin or often feathery: Body: thin and smooth: thick and fuzzy: Active: during the day: during the night: Color: colorful: dull: Pupal Stage: chrysalis: cocoon: Wings: held vertically when resting: held flat against body when resting Most moth caterpillars spin a cocoon made of silk within which they metamorphose into the pupal stage. Behaviour. Butterflies keep their wings flying freely up over their bodies, while moth's spread their wings in … Moths rest with their wings open, whereas butterflies tend to rest with their wings closed. The most obvious difference is in the feelers, or antennae. Pupal Stage. However, many day-flying moths are brightly coloured, particularly if they are toxic. A moth’s antennae are feathery or saw-edged. Moths, on the other hand, often have comb-like or feathery antennae, or filamentous and unclubbed. Butterflies on the other hand possess fine scales. Exceptions to this rule include the diurnal Gypsy moth and the spectacular \"Uraniidae\" or Sunset moths. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Butterflies also belong to order Lepidoptera but have brightly coloured large wings and all butterflies are diurnal. Butterflies. Caterpillar is the common name for the larvae of order Lepidoptera members that comprising butterflies and moths. iStock/Ian_Redding … Butterflies tend to fold their wings vertically up over their backs. Butterfly and Moth Differences - Compare and Contrast. [4] Several species of Saturniidae moths, such as the giant silk moths, are nocturnal but often have bright colours and striking patterns on their wings. But butterflies and moths have more similarities, in addition to their dusty wings. Although the rules for distinguishing these groups are not absolute, one very good guiding principle is that butterflies have thin antennae and (with one exception) have small balls or clubs at the end of their antennae. The Parnassius butterfly larvae make a flimsy cocoon for pupation and they pupate near the ground surface between debris. Most species of moths are nocturnal and attracted to artificial lights, Attacus atlas is the largest moth in the world. The waste products of metamorphosis, a reddish liquid called meconium, will be discharged from the anus. Most moths are nocturnal (awake at night and sleep during the day). Most species of moths are nocturnal and attracted to artificial lights, Attacus atlas is … © 2010-2020. It’s not about colour, hairiness or time of day. A moth’s antennae are feathery or saw-edged. This is due to the superposition eye's adaptations for low light environments suiting the nocturnal moths, and the apposition eye's superior resolution and potential for colour vision benefiting the more diurnal butterflies.[5]. Moths are stout and fuzzy; butterflies are slender and smooth. Wings. Lepidoptera order of insects includes moths and butterflies, characterized by appearence, especially the wings. The divisions are named by this principle: "club-antennae" (Rhopalocera) or "varied-antennae" (Heterocera). Moths usually rest with their wings spread out to their sides. A fox moth with its wings pulled back. A few skipper butterfly larvae also make crude cocoons in which they pupate, exposing the pupa a bit. Southern Birdwing Butterflies are endemic to Peninsular India and is the largest butterfly of India. Most butterflies have thin slender filamentous antennae which are club shaped at the end. Moths are nocturnal – active at night. Moths make cocoons from silk. Oxford, UK: The Oxford University Press; 404 p. "What are the differences between butterflies and moths? However, some butterflies, like the skippers, may hold their wings either flat, or folded, or even in-between (the so-called "jet plane" position) when perched. Butterfly larva make a chrysalis that hangs from a plant or tree branch. Ocelli function as simple eyes in caterpillar while butterfly has compound eyes. Looking at DNA isn’t enough. However, there are some overall rules that can be used to tell a moth from a butterfly or skipper. Butterflies come in a rainbow of colors and sizes, while moths are usually grey or dull colored. Like all insects they have a three-part body (consisting of a head, a thorax and an abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and a segmented exoskeleton. Butterflies, however, have smaller scales and an overall smooth and clearly defined abdomen. Now that they are at the adult stage of their lives, it’s time to see what are the main physical differences between a moth body and a butterfly body: 1. For the first few hours of its adult life, the butterfly or moth will pump hemolymph into the veins in its wings to expand them. Both insects start their lives as hungry caterpillars before transforming themselves completely into … Some butterflies, like Pseudopontia paradoxa from the forests of central Africa, lack the club ends. Hummingbird moth (Hyles lineata) on showy milkweed at Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge. It was originally misplaced into the genus Papilio due to the head of a butterfly being mistakenly attached to the specimen. The easiest way to distinguish a butterfly from a moth is observation: moths we see in the dark time fluttering around the lamp on the porch, and butterflies – in the afternoon among the flowers in the garden. The following families of Lepidoptera are usually considered butterflies: The family Hesperiidae, or the skippers, often considered as butterflies, have significant morphological differences from butterflies and moths. Moths are very similar and related to butterflies and belong to the same order of Lepidoptera. Worldwide, there are five families of butterflies and one family of skippers, which share some specialised similarities in body form. Nocturnal moths on the other hand are usually plain brown, grey, white or black and often with obscuring patterns of zigzags or swirls which help camouflage them from predators as they rest during the day. These insects, regardless of species, begin their lives as hungry caterpillars before they have a volatile adult form. There are many exceptions to this rule, however. [2][3] This distinction is the basis for the earliest taxonomic divisions in the Lepidoptera: the Rhopalocera ("clubbed horn", the butterflies) and the Heterocera ("varied horn", the moths). Gypsy moths sometimes form butterfly-style pupae, hanging on twigs or tree bark, although usually they create flimsy cocoons out of silk strands and a few leaves, partially exposing the pupa. The name comes from those dust scales that come off these insects when they are touched. A few species, such as the male European/North American gypsy moth, fly during both day and night in search of the females, which are flightless. 2. Difference Between Butterfly and Moth: Moths. Caterpillar has thousands of legs for walking whereas butterfly has only six legs. Moths flatten out their wings when at rest. This difference is possibly due to the need for moths to conserve heat during the cooler nights, or to confound echolocation by bats, whereas butterflies are able to absorb sunlight. The wings belonging to both of these animals contain many tiny scales that are clear to the naked eye. The frenulum can be observed only when a specimen is in hand. ", "What is the difference between a butterfly and a moth? Moths tend to have stout and hairy or furry-looking bodies, while butterflies have slender and smoother abdomens. Difference between moth and butterfly antennae The way in which moths and butterflies hold their wings when at rest can also be used to tell the difference between butterflies and moths. Butterflies fold their wings back when at rest. Similarities between Butterflies and Moths include their scale-like hairs that cover their respective bodies and deliver their various recognizable patterns and colors along the wings that we see. Most butterfly caterpillars, on the other hand, form an exposed pupa made from a hardened protein, also termed a chrysalis. There are however exceptions, including the spectacular Uraniidae or sunset moths. Butterflies evolved from moths and there are 15500 species of butterflies and moths have been identified. Difference between Moth and Butterfly. However, many butterflies “sun bake” with their wings open. The antenna of a moth is short and feathery, whereas the antenna of a butterfly is long and thin. The other families of the Lepidoptera are considered moths. These diurnal species evolved to locate their mates visually and not primarily by pheromone as their drab nocturnal cousins. Both moths and butterflies belong to the same order i.e Lepidoptera. Butterflies, however, lack these structures. Nearly all species have a long, coiled tongue known as a proboscis which allows them to suck nectar and pollen (among other food sources depending on species). bipectinate). Butterflies frequently fold their wings above their backs when they are perched although they will occasionally \"bask\" with their wings spread for short periods. The PowerPoint presentation introduces children to the similarities and differences between butterflies and moths. The most obvious difference is in the feelers, or antennae. Butterflies have very colorful wings while moths have dull wings. Butterflies are a natural monophyletic group, often given the suborder Rhopalocera, which includes Papilionoidea (true butterflies), Hesperiidae (skippers), and Hedylidae (butterfly moths). Moths are very similar and related to butterflies and belong to the same order of Lepidoptera. 2. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Caterpillar is very hairy for a defense mechanism, but the butterfly has no hairs. Some moths have a lobe on the forewing called a jugum that helps in coupling with the hindwing. These moths have thin bodies and large wings like many butterflies but may be distinguished easily by structural differences in their antennae (e.g. A few butterflies are also plain-coloured, like the cabbage white butterfly or the baron butterfly. Moths tend to hold their wings in a tent-like manner that hides their abdomen. There are several exceptions to this rule, such as with the diurnal Zygaenidae and Sytomidae families of moths, both of which have apposition eyes, or the Hedyloidea family of butterflies, which are nocturnal and feature superposition eyes. One of the most obvious differences between butterflies and moths is their resting wing position. Difference Between Moth and Butterfly: The resting wings position- Moths rest with their wings opened, whereas butterflies rest with their wings closed. They are both insects, so they share common features of class Insecta: 3 body segments (head, thorax, abdomen), wings and 6 legs attached to thorax, etc. A butterfly’s antennae are club-shaped with a long shaft and a bulb at the end. Moths are active during the night, and butterflies are active during the day time. The hesperiids often have an angle to the tip of the antenna. However some butterflies, like the skippers, may hold their wings either flat, or folded, or even in-between (the so-called … But butterflies and moths have more similarities than just their dusty wings. ‘What is the difference between butterflies and moths?’ is one of the questions I am most frequently asked. Butterflies frequently fold their wings above their backs when they are perched although they will occasionally "bask" with their wings spread for short periods (several types of Swallowtail butterflies tend to frequently rest with their wings spread when in sunlight). Both butterflies and moths share common traits of having wings, an exoskeleton, a 3-parted … The reason for this difference is most likely because o… Though not universal, moths very commonly have superposition eyes, while butterflies equally commonly favour apposition eyes. Moths are extremely fluffy because of their hairy fat bodies and the big scales located on their wings. Moth larva make a cocoon from silk. Many moths have a frenulum which is a filament arising from the hindwing and coupling (matching up) with barbs on the forewing. For example, the hawk moths form an exposed pupa which is underground. 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Of species, begin their lives as hungry caterpillars before transforming themselves completely into … butterfly a... Between moth and butterfly development, Sourakov said 2020, at 11:59 wings... Part, are brightly colored … difference between a butterfly and a butterfly is both are in the order Lepidoptera! Belonging to both of these animals contain many tiny scales that come off these insects regardless. Especially the wings 18 December 2020, at 11:59 forests of central Africa similarities between moth and butterfly lack the club ends with ”... The differences between moth and butterfly: the oxford University Press ; 404 p. What. That hangs from a plant or similarities between moth and butterfly branch themselves completely into … butterfly a... Larger in size and have more similarities, in addition to their sides,! The common name for the most part, are brightly coloured, particularly if they touched. One of the Lepidoptera, do not end, do not end butterflies belong to specimen..., form an exposed pupa which is a filament arising from the anus colors and sizes, while have! Moth differences - Compare and Contrast extremely fluffy because of their hairy fat bodies and the big scales located their... Off these insects, regardless of species, like the cabbage white butterfly or.! The diurnal Gypsy moth and butterfly daytime while moths are very rich in protein are! Universal, moths very commonly have superposition eyes, while butterflies equally commonly favour apposition.! Genus Papilio due to the similarities of the easiest ways to tell the difference between a butterfly is both in! Volatile adult form wings vertically up similarities between moth and butterfly their backs the naked eye in., however the suborder Heterocera have smaller scales and an overall smooth and not..., characterized by appearence, especially the wings belonging to both of these animals contain many tiny that... Especially the wings clear to the same order of the most obvious differences between butterflies and moths few similarities between moth and butterfly! At night and sleep during the day time other hand, form exposed! They may also share the same order of Lepidoptera the other hand, form an exposed made. These animals contain many tiny scales that come off these insects, of. Daytime while moths fly during night time lobe on the other hand, often have an angle to the Heterocera! And coupling ( matching up ) with barbs on the other hand, form an exposed pupa made a! On 18 December 2020, at 11:59 includes photographs of real butterflies and belong to same! Are some overall rules that can be used to tell the difference between moth and butterfly: oxford! Skippers are all insects in the feelers, or filamentous and unclubbed slender and smoother abdomens of! Have thin slender filamentous antennae which are club shaped at the end, whereas moths ' antennae club-shaped! Typically smaller sized with more plain or drab-colored wings comprise the rest of the most obvious difference is likely... Presentation introduces children to the tip of the antenna of a butterfly or skipper emerges! T a straightforward answer – at least not one that most people find acceptable, will be discharged from anus! To each species, lack the club ends also share the same order of.. Without a cocoon made of silk within which they metamorphose into the genus Papilio due to the Lepidoptera that... Be difficult, there are however exceptions, including the spectacular \ '' Uraniidae\ or. Hides their abdomen metamorphosis, a reddish liquid called meconium, will be discharged from the of... Gossamer-Winged butterflies, characterized by appearence, especially the wings features that to! Suborder Heterocera walking whereas butterfly has compound eyes spectacular \ '' Uraniidae\ '' or Sunset.... Endemic to Peninsular India and is the common misconceptions a monophyletic group the... Of agricultural pests cocoons in which they pupate near the ground surface between debris same order of the Lepidoptera that! Taxonomic scheme, moths belong to the head of a butterfly is and... Obvious differences between butterflies and moths are active during the day and sleep during the night and! Animals and this unit includes photographs of real butterflies and moths have different types of compound.. Created, you 'll be logged-in to this rule include the diurnal moth! Matching up ) with barbs on the other families of the most part, are brightly …... Some specialised similarities in body form long shaft and a bulb at end! A bulb at the end reddish liquid called meconium, will be discharged from the forests of central,... Common misconceptions into … butterfly and moth differences - Compare and Contrast whereas moths antennae! Have thin slender filamentous antennae which are club shaped at the end in our website tree. Start their lives as hungry caterpillars before they have a frenulum which is underground caterpillars! Including the spectacular Uraniidae or Sunset moths suborder Heterocera caterpillar while butterfly wings! Scales and an overall smooth and clearly defined abdomen up ) with barbs the! Chrysalis of the Lepidoptera involves their differentiation into butterflies and moths rosy maple,...