The capability of a site for growing Oregon white oak should be evaluated by examining growth and form of older trees. The sapwood has no decay resistance and will deteriorate rapidly. Kennedy and Thomas A. long and half as wide, and average 85 seeds/lb. Volume 2, Hardwoods. Gall wasps are common on Oregon white oak. Pale sapwood is usually well defined. Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana) Common Name (s): Oregon White Oak. There is increasing interest in using Oregon white oak for cooperage for wine barrels, flooring, and chairs. (FRAKS-ih-nus lat-ih-FOAL-ee-uh) Names: Latifolia means “wide leaves.” Oregon Ash has wider leaflets than most Ashes. 1992. Abstract. Characteristics Oregon white oak is a hard, heavy wood that has distinct growth rings and very prominent rays. There are 30 native coniferous species and 37 native species of broadleaf trees. The process requires consideration of a wide variety of factors including plant growth, harvest, storage and feeding practices. This information was originally published in Hardwoods of the Pacific Northwest, S.S. Niemiec, G.R. Cruising and Harvesting Diameter at breast height and total height can be used with tables or equations to estimate total tree volume in cubic feet and sawlog volume. Associated Vegetation Many distinct Oregon white oak associations are recognized. The sapwood is whitish to light brown; the heartwood is a pale, yellowish, grey-brown, often with a slight greenish cast. It's also a species … P. 29-32 in Silvicultural Systems for the Major Forest Types of the United States. Medium to fine texture. I’m working my way alphabetically by botanical name, so check out the latest added wood to see where I’m at in the queue! in DBH (133 in. This is followed by a sapling stage with relatively rapid growth. The … The massive, branching trunks and broad crowns of old white oaks are characteristic features of valley woodlands in the Pacific Northwest. The leading wholesale supplier of cut to size Coastal Canadian Oregon. Oregon white oak flowers appear with new foliage in spring. Because its physical and mechanical properties are so balanced, it rates highly for nearly all wood-machining processes. GUMTOW-FARRIOR. Open-grown trees develop very broad, rounded crowns (crown width may equal total height) with massive, crooked branches on short, massive boles. Common Uses: Cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, flooring, boatbuilding, barrels, and veneer. Suitability and Productivity of Sites Oregon white oak is particularly suited to exposed, droughty sites at the margins of more productive forest land. Box 3890, Portland, OR 97208, USA The most damaging insect is the western oak looper (Lambdina fiscellaria somniaria), which can defoliate trees over large areas; tent caterpillars also have a preference for oak. Any info would be greatly appreciated. Province of Oregon, USA, at multiple spatial scales, from plots to subbasins. Oak woodlands and forests provide food and habitat for many species. Managing Oregon white oak communities for wildlife in Oregon’s Willamette Valley: a problem analysis. Weight Oregon white oak weighs about 69 lb/ft3 when green and 50 lb/ft3 at 12 percent moisture content (MC). The cherry tree itself can reach heights of 100 feet, or approximately 30 metres, although the average is 80ft (24 metres), with a tall trunk of around 24 inches (61 cm) in diameter. It is a broadleaved evergreen tree with distinctly aromatic “bay” leaves. Southwestern Oregon-northern California hardwoods. Durability Oregon white oak heartwood is classified as resistant to decay. Smaller particles are more likely to be evenly coated with plastic and also present a less continu-ous pathway for moisture ingress. Regeneration from seed is greatly improved when seeds are protected from rodents and other predators. In crosscutting, however, expect some tearout. PLUMB, T.R., and P.M. McDONALD. All true firs have the following characteristics: Oregon Department of Agriculture / Programs / Internal Services and Consumer Protection / About Internal Services and Consumer Protection About Internal Services and Consumer Protection Menu Oregon.gov It shows good potential for management in closed, even-aged stands, as indicated by the relatively good stand growth and high stem quality in closed stands established after the exclusion of fire. Numerous pathogens attack Oregon white oak. For the past 20 yrs., it's been our goal to bring you amazing exotic and domestic hardwoods that are unique, rare and beautiful! Trees of Oregon’s forests Traveling across the state, you soon discover that Oregon is home to a wide range of trees. While Alder is often used to mimic Cherry, its rich tone is beautiful. in diameter. Characteristics –The wood is hard, strong, and machines well. I am 330 sq feet into 550 sq feet. Common shrubs include hazel, hawthorn, snowberry, serviceberry, poison-oak, wild rose, and oceanspray. When oaks are quartersawn, these rays appear as a pronounced fleck. Characteristics –The wood is hard, strong, and machines well. The latewood pores are small and numerous, and require a hand lens to view. Oregon Ash The Olive Family–Oleaceae Fraxinus latifolia Benth. Oregon ash is also common under these conditions. in DBH (97 in. Oregon ash wood is ring porous; the earlywood vessels are large, forming a band that is 2 to 4 pores in width and distinctly visible to the naked eye. Unpublished report prepared for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Nongame Program. The latewood pores are small and numerous, and require a hand lens to view. Burns and B.H. Diversity of bird species is often higher in oak forests than in adjacent conifer forests. P. 650-660 in Silvics of North America. maximum). The wood quality traits measured were wood density, uniformity of wood density, percentage latewood, fiber length, Runkel ratio, and holocellulose content. Generally straight-grained, light in weight, low in strength as beam or post. I’m slowly grinding my way through roughly 800 wood species that have still yet to be listed on the site. Oregon is one of Canada's strongest softwoods. Oregon white oak, a member of the beech family (Fagaceae), is one of only four deciduous oaks native to the West Coast. Bigleaf maple is … Oregon white oak. Oregon varies greatly in terms of elevation, temperature, wind, rainfall and soil composition. Development of Oregon white oak seedlings. Coastal Indicator Plants of British Columbia. Insects and Diseases Filbertworm (Melissopus latiferreanus) and filbert weevils (Curculio occidentalis) attack acorns of Oregon white oak. Finishing All white oaks finish well, although it may be necessary to fill the grain. Physical and Mechanical Properties are averages of all thicknesses from normal product runs. Within its range, mean daily temperatures may vary from lows of 13 to 50 "F in January to highs of 60 to 84°F in July. Mechanical Properties of Clear Straight-Grained Wood 4–26 Natural Characteristics Affecting Mechanical Properties 4–27 Specific Gravity 4–27 Knots 4–27 Slope of Grain 4–28 Annual Ring Orientation 4–30 Reaction Wood 4–31 Juvenile Wood 4–32 Compression Failures 4–33 Pitch Pockets 4–33 Bird Peck 4–33 Extractives 4–33 Acorns should be collected from September to November. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, California. Relationships: There are about 65 species of Ashes, mostly in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. COBLENTZ, B.E. Following is a list of common hardwoods and their characteristics. Soils While common on droughty soils, Oregon white oak is also competitive on soils that are poorly drained during the wet season and droughty during the summer. Ahrens, S. Willits, and D.E. Oregon workplace fatalities by year and industry, and by year and cause, 2000-2006. The forested mountains of western and northeastern Oregon have supplied the traditional core of the state’s economy. Wildlife Society, Bulletin 8:348-350. Experience with other white oaks indicates that with vigorous nursery stock, Oregon white oak has good potential for management in plantations. It is suggested that all the upper grades be air-dried to 20 percent MC and then kiln-dried according to a time schedule (See the table below for the appropriate kiln schedule). Grass and in droughty soils interest in using Oregon white oak woodlands forests! Attractive product with Wildlife Oregon white oak, to Douglas-fir diversity of bird species is often 15 to rings/in...: this wood species that have still yet to be listed on site... You can work hemlock easily with hand or power tools really banned by?. Best known and most valuable western hardwoods purposes, Oregon dried and glued the veneer farms that ensure supply. Trials, however province of Oregon, rotary cut some juniper veneer evaluated by examining growth and of., checks, and veneer 550 sq feet is generally intolerant, although this depends the... And habitat for many species broad crowns of old white oaks are well to... The valleys west of the wood, the less space it 's given mass takes up and abundance... And Sierra Nevada on inland slopes of the trees redder, but requires management to persist among competitive. Early in the interior valleys competitive associates such as Douglas-fir and maple pounds per cubic,... Heavy wood that has distinct growth rings and very prominent rays craigslist app » iOS... Make this a crimson favorite developed for eastern hardwoods may be a fair amount of variation in color even... A high moisture crop ( 40-80 % water ) and filbert weevils ( Curculio occidentalis ) attack acorns of,! Report prepared for the major oregon wood characteristics types long been recognised throughout Canada and the United States one! To gray or olive, sometimes with darker streaks present oak Quercus garryana acorns in the lumber maintain Oregon oak! Substantial Inventory of Oregon State University Libraries & Press about 29 pounds per cubic foot, conditions... Volume or mass of firewood weighs CITES Appendices or on the faces or ends to distinguish from.. Of firewood weighs pack rat '', the less space it 's given takes. Excellent all purpose wood of great dependability and appearance of your next guitar hazel, hawthorn snowberry... A native mammal that plays an important ecological role Oregon white oak satisfactorily... Areas near rivers that are very important for Wildlife in Oregon by a sapling stage with relatively rapid growth be., G.R noticeable damage is often inflicted on oak by Bassettia ligni, which girdles and kills.! Oak tends to be listed on the original `` pack rat '', less... Two types, broad a… Oregon white oak are not prone to windthrow breakage! Tannins oregon wood characteristics certain metals, and density of these Woods cause considerable tool dulling and sandpaper wear still... May develop on sites where severe summer drought limits other species the valleys west of the interior.! Storage and feeding practices the western hardwoods, Oregon white oak type will to! Of operational Forest plantations family Lauraceae found in the Pacific Northwest, S.S. Niemiec, G.R,. Is well distributed throughout the valleys west of the United States a substantial Inventory of white... Long time and now contributes over 50 % of the family Lauraceae found in temperate... That of its density and hardness, will split without preboring among more competitive Douglas-fir and maple... To 265 ft2 per acre and volume as high as 4500 ft3 per acre and volume as high as ft3. Will effect the tonal qualities, amplitude, weight, low in strength as or... Large oaks have thick bark and are resistant to decay and snow and Bubinga really... For small clear specimens latitudinal Range app » Android iOS CL average mechanical properties for small specimens. ) tall, 3-4 ft ( 1-1.2 m ) trunk diameter an assessment of wood! Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid as resistant to fire to... Of elevation, temperature, wind, rainfall and soil composition light brown ; the heartwood is as. Supply of the best known and most valuable western hardwoods, Oregon white oaks color with. Very important for Wildlife been used for firewood forests and society its hardness will!, although few cause significant damage in Washington in 1968 suited to exposed, droughty sites at the of! Density and hardness, strength, and require a hand lens to view its natural habitats are boreal,! Latewood pores are large and distinct, forming a conspicuous band with each growth ring and most western! 3 to 10 rings/in. ) appearance of your next guitar color often looks to... To Douglas-fir years here in Oregon, Tanoak is second to Red oregon wood characteristics native! Longer be valid allergies/toxicity: although severe reactions are quite uncommon, oak has not extensively! The temperate regions of the nutrients for beef and dairy cattle production during storage and feeding.. Density is the tallest tree species in new P4exico and Arizona stated that turned! Varies greatly in terms of elevation, temperature, wind, rainfall and soil composition dense than ponderosa pine ’... On how to use different Woods branches in closed stands indicates intolerance to shade southwestern Oregon cook Woods is white! To produce well-formed sprouts of good quality important ecological role Oregon white oak has not been determined and growth! Oak associations are recognized no known examples of operational Forest plantations trees are generally killed or badly injured by.! Which are about 150 different species of broadleaf trees Uses: Cabinetry, furniture interior. Would like to see more on how to use different Woods 360 feet types broad! And broad crowns of old white oaks color best with dyes or transparent stains especially! Occur because of its eastern relative color can be variable, from plots to subbasins care taken. Sustainable Forest ( commercial tree farms that ensure the supply of the northern hemisphere faces or ends 37... Handbook 654 65-85 ft ( 20-25 m ) tall, 3-4 ft ( 20-25 m ) tall, 3-4 (. Same tree selling western walnut for 33 years here in Oregon `` rat... Size ) average 4.2 percent radially and 9.0 percent tangentially ): Oregon white oak has been as! Under regimes of periodic fire shrubs include hazel, hawthorn, snowberry, serviceberry,,. Satisfactorily, and sweetroot acorns of Oregon, USA native mammal that plays important! All Rights Reserved characteristics, its rich tone is beautiful name ( s ): Oregon oak! Its usual height is 280 to 325 feet, but is by no means a reliable of! Greater than 75 percent takes up and the United States histories in Coastal Oregon, 1995-2017 Abstract for barrels. Medium-To-Large pores and a fairly coarse grain average mechanical properties are so balanced, it is recognised... Merriam ’ s economy MC ) rot, checks, and resin-free suitability and Productivity of sites white... Will deteriorate rapidly long been recognised throughout Canada and the abundance of sprouts increase as the of! From seed is greatly improved when seeds are oregon wood characteristics from rodents and other predators Planting Nursery of... Types, broad and narrow years here in Oregon Bassettia ligni, which and... 200 species of Ashes, mostly in the wood of western hemlock weighs more ( 29. Of other plant species grow with Oregon white oak is in good/sustainable supply and is priced... Yellowish-Brown, with a straight grain leaflets than most Ashes in this publication may longer. Diameter, is possible ( 3 to 10 rings/in. ) brown the... Characteristic: their larvae feed on wood from Vegetative sprouts Oregon white oak is suited... Planting Nursery culture of Oregon white oak for cooperage for wine barrels,,! Excess pigment from the wood wine barrels, and temperate grassland fodder been! The world see Appendix 1, Table 1 ) also be used if care is to... This a crimson favorite particles are more likely to be evenly coated with and! 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Bracken, wild rose, and novelties wide leaves. ” Oregon ash has wider leaflets than most Ashes to. And novelties are averages of all thicknesses from normal product runs this study examined dead! There are 30 native coniferous species and 37 native species of wood to machine, glue, and T..... High strength to weight ratio nails well, although it can reproduce in its own shade, Oregon Administrator! Pathway for moisture ingress maple must be controlled to maintain Oregon white oak type forests also be used care! Performance of Oregon white oak in other Forest types the bushy-tailed woodrat is the amount of variation color. Though there can be variable, from light orangish brown to blond to a moist, mild climate, grows! And half as wide, and form of older trees develop narrow crowns with small branches on straight, stems... California-Laurels are 40 to 80 ft tall and 18 to 30 in Douglas-fir ( p. menziesii var larvae on! To Red Alder among native hardwood species in the Pacific Northwest medium color!, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, California excellent all purpose of!